The Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN, says the decision to raise the Monetary Policy Rate, MPR, was made to control rising inflation.
Hassan Mahmoud, director of the CBN’s Monetary Policy Department, stated this on Wednesday during a post-MPC briefing titled “Unveiling Facts Behind the Figures.”
The MPC raised the MPR by 150 basis points, from 14 to 15.5 percent, at its 287th meeting on Tuesday.
The MPR is the interest rate that serves as the foundation for all other interest rates in an economy.
The CBN Governor, Godwin Emefiele, stated that the decision was influenced by the persistent rise in inflation and the fragile state of the economy.
According to Mahmud, the MPC got to a point where stringent measures have to be taken to control inflation.
He said that the committee took cognisance of global as well as local economic issues in arriving at its policy decisions.
“We raised the MPR because it is necessary to do so. The quantity of money in the system was too much for the economy to absorb,’’ he said.
He said that monetary policy tools were meant to deal with short term risks, adding that the idea was to make cost of funds expensive to drive down inflation.
According to Mahmud, the stimuluses that governments across the world provided for their citizens during COVID-19 increased the ability of people to spend, thereby, creating challenges with global supply.
“A lot of households and small businesses were injected with stimuluses; the U.S did two trillion dollars, Nigeria did about five trillion Naira, these increased the ability of people to spend.
“But the supply side could not meet up with the demand because that volume of injection was far more than the regular intake for those economies, this made prices to go up,’’ he said.
He also blamed the Russian-Ukraine war, as well as the resurgence of COVID-19 in China as responsible for rise in global inflationary trend.
“That region accounts for more than 50 per cent of global commodity supply and 38 per cent of global oil and gas supply.
“The war resulted to some shortages which made prices to go up.
“Then the COVID-19 lockdown in China. The country is the largest importer of commodities across the globe,’’ he said.
Speaking on the various economic intervention initiatives by the apex bank and the prospect of recouping the funds, Dr Yusuf Yila, director, Development Finance Department, said about nine trillion Naira had been invested in the various development finance interventions.
He, however, said that all the monies would be recovered.
According to Mr Yila, N9.3 trillion has been invested in various development finance interventions, out of which N3.7 trillion has been repaid.
“Most of the loans are still under moratorium, especially those in manufacturing. Manufacturing forms the largest part of our portfolio, about 31 per cent,’’ he said.
He, however, said that one of the best performing interventions was the Commercial Agriculture Credit Scheme, CACS, where out of the N800 billion that was lent out, about N700 billion had been repaid.
Mr Yila said that through the flagship agriculture intervention scheme, the Anchor Borrowers Programme, one trillion Naira had been lent out to small holder farmers, while about N400 billion has so far been recovered.
According to him, the department will restrict intervention to critical sectors like the SMEs and the electricity sector for now.
Speaking on the depreciation of the Naira, the Director, Trade and Exchange Department, Ozoemena Nnaji, said the apex bank was taking steps to firm up the currency.
Mrs Nnaji said that demand for foreign exchange outstripped supply currency, adding that the CBN was doing a lot to mop up supply.
“One of the steps is the Naira for dollar remittance drive, which has resulted to a huge increase in diaspora remittances.
“There is also the RT200 bringing in forex. Repatriation has gone up from 20 million dollars in the first quarter to about 600 million dollars in the second quarter.
“In this third quarter we are looking at more than one billion dollars of repatriated inflows,’’ she said.